We love all our Elephants... There are actually three: the African bush elephant, the African forest elephant, and the Asian elephant. wikipedia wildlifeprotection Elephants live in herds, in social groups of 6-20 elephants guided by an older female leader, called a matriarch. A matriarch will make all the decisions for the herd - including what to eat, sleep and where to go. Female elephants stay with the herd for their entire lives acting as a grandmother and/or mother to the herd that include several generations of female relatives (aunts, sisters and cousins).